In Secret, Court Vastly Broadens Powers of N.S.A. –


JULY 6, 2013

WASHINGTON — In more than a dozen classified rulings, the nation’s surveillance court has created a secret body of law giving the National Security Agency the power to amass vast collections of data on Americans while pursuing not only terrorism suspects, but also people possibly involved in nuclear proliferation, espionage and cyberattacks, officials say.

The rulings, some nearly 100 pages long, reveal that the court has taken on a much more expansive role by regularly assessing broad constitutional questions and establishing important judicial precedents, with almost no public scrutiny, according to current and former officials familiar with the court’s classified decisions.

The 11-member Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, known as the FISA court, was once mostly focused on approving case-by-case wiretapping orders. But since major changes in legislation and greater judicial oversight of intelligence operations were instituted six years ago, it has quietly become almost a parallelSupreme Court, serving as the ultimate arbiter on surveillance issues and delivering opinions that will most likely shape intelligence practices for years to come, the officials said.

Last month, a former National Security Agency contractor, Edward J. Snowden, leaked a classified order from the FISA court, which authorized the collection of all phone-tracing data from Verizon business customers. But the court’s still-secret decisions go far beyond any single surveillance order, the officials said.

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Notice of Claim and Certificate of Designation for Service of Notice of Claim-NYS Secretary of State

The General Municipal Law was recently amended in relation to service of notices of claim against public corporations.  Public corporations, as defined in the General Construction Law, include municipal corporations, district corporations and public benefit corporations. Specifically, General Municipal Law section 53 was amended to permit notices of claim against public corporations to be served on the New York Secretary of State.  The New York Department of State will forward the notice of claim to the person designated by the public corporation to receive the notice of claim.

Public corporations will be required to file a certificate with the New York Department of State designating the New York Secretary of State as their agent for service of notices of claim.  The certificate must provide address information for the transmittal of notices of claim.  Failure of a public corporation to file such a certificate will not invalidate any notice of claim served on the New York Secretary of State.

A person serving a notice of claim on the New York Secretary of State will be charged a $250 service fee.  Half of the service fee will be retained by the New York Secretary of State and the other half provided to the public corporation or public corporations named in the notice of claim.  Public corporations that do not file a Certificate of Designation of Notice of Claim with the New York Department of State will not receive a share of the service fees.

Certificates of Designation of Notice of Claim may be filed online. Online filing is available from 7:00 a.m. to 11:30 p.m.

Paper forms are also available.  Completed paper forms may be sent to the Department of State, Division of Corporations, State Records and Uniform Commercial Code, One Commerce Plaza, 99 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY  12231.

The Secretary of State may be served with notices of claim against public corporations beginning Monday, July 15, 2013.

Any questions regarding notices of claim may be sent to the Department of State at

Online Filing of Designation:

Online Filing of Amendment: