FINDLAW: Daily Opinion Summaries for U.S. Supreme Court – 2/24/09

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW, INDIAN LAW, PROPERTY LAW & REAL ESTATE

Carcieri v. Salazar, No. 07-526
In a challenge to the Interior Secretary’s holding of lands in trust for Indians under 25 U.S.C. section 465, judgment for Defendants is reversed, where the term “now under federal jurisdiction” refers to a tribe that was under federal jurisdiction at the time of the statute’s enactment.

CIVIL RIGHTS, CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, GOVERNMENT LAW, LABOR & EMPLOYMENT LAW

Ysursa v. Pocatello Educ. Ass’n., No. 07-869
In a First Amendment challenge to a law prohibiting public employees from making payroll deductions for political activities, summary judgment for Defendant is affirmed, where the First Amendment does not confer a right to use government payroll mechanisms for political expression.

CRIMINAL LAW & PROCEDURE, FAMILY LAW

US v. Hayes, No. 07-608
Defendant’s conviction for possessing a firearm under 18 U.S.C. section 921 is affirmed, where a domestic relationship between the offender and victim need not be an element of the defendant’s “misdemeanor crime of domestic violence” to trigger Section 921’s possession ban.

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